HIV can be transmitted from an HIV-positive woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) accounts for over 90% of new HIV infections among children
Pregnant women with HIV receive HIV medicines during pregnancy and childbirth to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
Babies born to women with HIV receive HIV medicine for 6 weeks after birth. The HIV medicine reduces the risk of infection from any HIV that may have entered a baby’s body during childbirth.
To come up with this cause they form Family s support groups which are self-help groups made up of people affected by the same conditions who come together to share experience, learn from one another, and strengthen and support each other. They meet from time to time and engage in sharing how they can fight the cause of not transmitting to their children.
This is also a measure that the women use in stopping re-infection and also reducing the birth of many children who in turn can be infected with HIV. These usually include condoms, implanons, pills, injectaplans among others