HIV Care and Treatment

Bridget Nanyonjo

HIV Care and Treatment  

Today, with proper HIV treatment with Antiretroviral therapy (ART), people with HIV can stay healthy, live longer, and significantly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others. This encloses healthy living and HIV treatment that has kept a lot of people living for long. With modern HIV treatment, many people with HIV are living long and healthy lives.  This all is all possible through drug adherence


HIV can be transmitted from an HIV-positive woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) accounts for over 90% of new HIV infections among children

Pregnant women with HIV receive HIV medicines during pregnancy and childbirth to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Babies born to women with HIV receive HIV medicine for 6 weeks after birth. The HIV medicine reduces the risk of infection from any HIV that may have entered a baby’s body during childbirth.

To come up with this cause they form Family s support groups which are self-help groups made up of people affected by the same conditions who come together to share experience, learn from one another, and strengthen and support each other. They meet from time to time and engage in sharing how they can fight the cause of not transmitting to their children.

Family planning

This is also a measure that the women use in stopping re-infection and also reducing the birth of many children who in turn can be infected with HIV. These usually include condoms, implanons, pills, injectaplans among others

Psychosocial support

Psychosocial support addresses the ongoing psychological and social problems of HIV infected individuals, their partners, families and caregivers. Counseling and social support can help people and their career cope more effectively with each stage of the infection and enhances quality of life HIV infection often can result in stigma and fear for those living with the infection, as well as for those caring for them, and may affect the entire family.

Infection often results in loss of socio-economic status, employment, income, housing, health care and mobility. For both individuals and their partners and families, psychosocial support can assist people in making informed decisions, coping better with illness and dealing more effectively with discrimination. It improves the quality of their lives, and prevents further transmission of HIV infection.






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